Malinois Shepherd

Shepherd Malinois: a dog with extraordinary intelligence

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The Malinois Shepherd is a dog of rare elegance. He has extraordinary intelligence. He also has great endurance. The Malinois needs daily exercise to be a happy dog. He forms a pair with his master, to whom he has absolute devotion. It is for all these reasons that the elite sections choose it. We will detail here the characteristics of this breed of dog, which we determine as a breed of working dog.

Origin and history of the breed

The Malinois Shepherd, also known as Malinois, is a breed of dog originating from Belgium. Its name is inspired by the city of Mechelen, where it was developed in the 19th century. Originally, the Malinois was bred for its work as a shepherd and farm dog. But he later gained a remarkable reputation as an all-around working dog. Thanks to its intelligence, resistance and lively temperament, the Malinois has become a popular choice for varied tasks such as guarding, search and rescue, tracking, police training and even military work. Today, the Malinois is not only valued for its athletic abilities and unconditional dedication, but also for its elegant beauty and balanced character.

Physical Characteristics of the Breed

The Malinois is a medium to large sized dog with an athletic build and elegant appearance. Here are the main physical characteristics of the Malinois Shepherd:

Size at the withersWeight
Female 56 to 62 centimeters20 and 25 kilograms
Male 60 and 66 centimeters 25 to 30 kilograms
Size and weight of male and female Shepherd Malinois
  • Body: The Malinois has a muscular, well-proportioned and harmonious body. His chest is deep and his back is straight and strong.
  • Head: The Malinois' head is well chiseled, with a flat skull and parallel forehead and cheek lines. Its eyes are almond-shaped, dark in color, and express intelligence and vigilance.
  • Ears: The ears of the Malinois are triangular, straight and erect, proportional to the size of the head.
  • Coat: The Malinois' coat is short, dense and harsh, with a thick undercoat. Furthermore, the most common colors are fawn with a black mask, but other variations of fawn are also present.
  • Tail: The tail of the Malinois is of medium length, generally reaching the hock. It is carried low and rises slightly when in action.
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These physical characteristics of the Malinois give him both a noble appearance and great agility, allowing him to excel in many physical and sporting activities.


Character and temperament of the Malinois Shepherd

The Malinois Shepherd is renowned for its energetic, intelligent and dedicated character. His temperament makes him a versatile and adaptable dog, able to adapt to different roles and environments. Here are his main character traits:

  1. Intelligence : The Malinois is considered one of the dog breeds the most intelligent. He is extremely receptive to learning and has a great capacity for adaptation. This intelligence allows him to be easily trained for various tasks.
  2. Loyalty : The Malinois Shepherd is a dog devoted and faithful to his family. He bonds closely with his owners and constantly seeks to please them. He will do anything to protect and defend them, which also makes him an excellent watchdog.
  3. Energy : The Malinois is a very active dog who needs regular exercise to channel his boundless energy. He enjoys physical and mental challenges and thrives in activities that stimulate him, such as agility, tracking or obedience work. Adequate stimulation is essential to maintain emotional balance.
  4. Vigilance : The Malinois Shepherd is naturally vigilant and attentive to its environment. He is responsive to external stimuli and has an excellent sense of observation. This makes it an effective working dog in the police and search and rescue fields, where its protective instincts are put to good use.
  5. Sensitivity: a robust dog, which is also sensitive to subtle signals from its owner. He needs firm but gentle education, based on consistency and positive reinforcement.

As an owner, you must meet their needs for exercise and mental stimulation to support their well-being and mental health. With appropriate education and a suitable environment, he will become a devoted companion and an exceptional working partner.

Malinois Shepherd Education

Training the Malinois requires a consistent approach, based on positive reinforcement and establishing a relationship of trust with your dog. Here are some tips for training your Malinois Shepherd effectively:

  • Start at a young age: Puppies are more receptive to learning and can pick up basic commands quickly. This also helps establish clear routines and rules from the start.
  • Use positive reinforcement: Positive reinforcement is an effective training method for the Malinois. Systematically reward good behavior with treats, praise or petting. The association between desired behaviors and rewards, thereby motivating your dog to reproduce them.
  • Be consistent and clear: The Malinois needs clear rules and boundaries. Be consistent in your orders and expectations, and avoid frequent rule changes.
  • Socialize your dog: Socialization is essential for the Malinois to allow him to get used to different situations, people and animals. Expose him to various environments, meeting other dogs and people from a young age. This will help build confidence and prevent aggressive or fearful behavior.
  • Provide adequate exercise: The Malinois is an energetic dog that needs daily exercise to channel its energy. Plan regular walks, interactive games and stimulating activities to keep your dog physically and mentally balanced. Boredom can lead to destructive or unwanted behaviors.
  • Train regularly: To strengthen your relationship with your pet, but also maintain the skills acquired, regular training is essential. Continue the training sessions throughout his life to maintain his mental stimulation and strengthen the bonds of trust between you.
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Nutrition plays a crucial role in the health and well-being of the Malinois. To keep your dog healthy, here are some nutrition tips to consider:

  1. A balanced diet: Provide your Malinois with a balanced, high-quality diet. Choose kibble specially formulated for active and large dogs, ensuring it contains quality proteins, fats, carbohydrates, essential vitamins and minerals. Consult your veterinarian for specific recommendations. You can also see our article on Dog food: Our tips for choosing the right one.
  2. Proper portions: Follow the manufacturer's recommended portions based on your dog's weight, age and activity level. Avoid overfeeding your Malinois, as this can lead to excessive weight gain and associated health problems.
  3. Regular meals: Divide your Malinois's meals into several small, regular portions throughout the day. This helps maintain a regular metabolism and avoids digestive problems. Avoid feeding your dog just before or after intense physical activity.
  4. Hydration: Make sure your Malinois always has access to fresh, clean water. Active dogs tend to become dehydrated more quickly, so you should check their water bowl regularly and refill it if necessary.
  5. Avoid Harmful Foods: Some foods can be toxic to dogs, such as chocolate, grapes, onions, garlic, caffeine, alcohol, etc. Make sure your Malinois does not have access to these dangerous foods.
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The Malinois Shepherd: an Elite dog

Elite sections choose it because of its exceptional qualities. This dog breed has characteristics that make it a preferred choice for law enforcement, the military, and other special units. Here's why it's often preferred for elite missions:

  1. Intelligence and rapid learning : The reputation for his great intelligence and his ability to learn quickly is well established. Indeed, it is capable of quickly assimilating commands and complex tasks, making it an ideal dog for operations requiring extensive training.
  2. Versatility: The Malinois excels in many areas. They are trained for tracking, search and rescue, drug or explosive detection, patrol work, protection and many other tasks. In addition, it is an energetic dog with great endurance.
  3. Durability: He is able to work long hours without becoming excessively fatigued, which is essential for elite missions that require sustained performance.
  4. Acute sense of smell: The Malinois has a highly developed sense of smell, which makes it particularly suited to detection tasks. He can detect illegal substances, but also explosives or missing people thanks to his exceptional sense.
  5. Dedication and Loyalty: He will do anything to protect and serve. It is a reliable companion and a trustworthy working partner in high-risk situations.
  6. Speed and agility: The Malinois is a fast and agile dog. He reacts quickly to situations and performs precise movements. This combination of speed and agility is essential for operations that require rapid and precise intervention.

All these criteria make it an exceptional working partner, capable of meeting the most demanding challenges.

  • Florence Luberton

    Florence Luberton, a passionate pet lover and pet owner. Florence has dedicated her life to educating pet owners on the best ways to care for their furry companions. From training, nutrition, to grooming and behavior, she has a wealth of knowledge that she loves to share with pet owners to help them better understand their animals.

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